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John Taylor

John Taylor

Male 1808 - 1887  (78 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name John Taylor 
    Born 1 Nov 1808  Milnthorpe, Cumbria, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 4 Dec 1808  Milnthorpe, Cumbria, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Initiatory (LDS) 10 Dec 1845  NAUVO Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 25 Jul 1887  Kaysville, Davis, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 29 Jul 1887  Salt Lake City Cemetery, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I87595  mytree
    Last Modified 26 Jul 2015 

    Father James Taylor,   c. 20 Jul 1783, Heversham, Cumbria, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 May 1870, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 86 years) 
    Mother Agnes Taylor,   b. 22 Aug 1787, Barton, Cambridgeshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Nov 1868, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Married 23 Dec 1805  Kirkoswald, Cumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F18529  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Leonora Cannon,   b. 5 Oct 1796, Kirk German, Isle of Man Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Dec 1868, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Married 25 Jul 1833  Toronto, York, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. George John Taylor,   b. 31 Jan 1834, York, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Dec 1914, Provo, Utah, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     2. Mary Ann Taylor,   b. 23 Jan 1836, York, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1890  (Age 53 years)
     3. Joseph James Taylor,   b. 8 Jun 1838, Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jan 1908  (Age 69 years)
     4. Lenora Agnes Taylor,   b. 1 Jun 1840, Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Sep 1843, Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 3 years)
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F28719  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth Kaighin,   b. 11 Sep 1811, Kirk German, Isle of Man Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Aug 1895, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Married 12 Dec 1843  Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Josephine K Taylor,   b. 1846, Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1921  (Age 75 years)
     2. Thomas Edward Taylor,   b. 7 Nov 1849, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Dec 1915, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
     3. Arthur Bruce Taylor,   b. 9 Oct 1853, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Mar 1934, Salem, Marion, Oregon, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F28720  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Jane Ballantyne,   b. 11 Apr 1813, Earlston, Berwickshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Dec 1900, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years) 
    Married 25 Feb 1844  Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Richard James Taylor,   b. 4 Feb 1848, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 1905  (Age 57 years)
     2. Annie Maria Ballantyne Taylor,   b. 21 Oct 1849, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Mar 1909, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
     3. David John Taylor,   b. 8 Aug 1853, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Sep 1881, New York City, New York, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years)
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F28721  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Caroline Hooper Saunders,   b. 3 Jan 1813, Buckingham, Buckingham, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Feb 1874, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years) 
    Married 9 Dec 1852  Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F28722  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Mary Ann Oakley,   b. 20 Mar 1826, Flatlands, Kings, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Aug 1911, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years) 
    Married 14 Jan 1846  Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Henry Edgar Taylor,   b. 26 Dec 1849, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jun 1928, Ogden, Weber, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
     2. Mary Elizabeth Taylor,   b. 30 Jan 1854, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jan 1859  (Age 4 years)
     3. Brigham John Taylor,   b. 8 Aug 1858, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jan 1929, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)
     4. Ida Oakley Taylor,   b. 6 Sep 1860, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 May 1946, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)
    +5. Ezra Oakley Taylor,   b. 20 May 1863, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jul 1952, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 89 years)
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F9025  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Sophia Whitaker,   b. 21 Apr 1825, Blakedown, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Feb 1887, Sandy, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years) 
    Married 23 Apr 1847  Winter Quarters, Douglas, Nebraska, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Harriet Ann Whitaker Taylor,   b. 7 Dec 1847, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Oct 1908, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
     2. James Whittaker Taylor,   b. 2 Mar 1850, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Mar 1851  (Age 1 years)
     3. Hyrum Whittaker Taylor,   b. 10 Jan 1854, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Mar 1942  (Age 88 years)
     4. John Whittaker Taylor,   b. 15 May 1858, Provo, Utah, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Oct 1916, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
     5. Helena Whittaker Taylor,   b. 21 Mar 1860, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1870, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 9 years)
     6. Moses Whitaker Taylor,   b. 9 Mar 1862, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jan 1922, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
     7. Nettie Jones,   b. 12 Jun 1864, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 May 1943, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
     8. Frederick Whitaker Taylor,   b. 18 Jul 1866, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Jan 1952, Provo, Utah, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F28723  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 7 Harriet Whitaker,   b. 30 Jul 1816, Blakedown, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jul 1862, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years) 
    Married 4 Dec 1847  Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Sophia Elizabeth Taylor,   b. 14 Jun 1849, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Mar 1909, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
     2. William Whitaker Taylor,   b. 11 Sep 1853, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1884, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years)
     3. John Taylor,   b. 19 Mar 1855, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Mar 1855, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F28724  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 8 Margaret Young,   b. 24 Apr 1837, Westport, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 May 1919, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Married 27 Sep 1856  Westport, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Ebenezer Young Taylor,   b. 25 Feb 1860, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 1939  (Age 78 years)
     2. Frank Young Taylor,   b. 4 Nov 1861, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar 1953, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years)
     3. Leonora Young Taylor,   b. 25 Mar 1864, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jul 1935, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)
     4. Robert Young Taylor,   b. 2 Mar 1866, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Sep 1867  (Age 1 years)
     5. Margaret Young Taylor,   b. 15 Mar 1870, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1935, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
     6. Nephi Young Taylor,   b. 25 Oct 1872, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Mar 1948, Raymond, Warner, Alberta, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     7. Mary Young Taylor,   b. 6 Dec 1874, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Apr 1898  (Age 23 years)
     8. Abraham Young Taylor,   b. 12 Dec 1878, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 May 1945, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
     9. Samuel Young Taylor,   b. 20 Nov 1881, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jul 1952, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F18781  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 9 Josephine Elizabeth Roueche,   b. 3 Mar 1860, Kaysville, Davis, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Nov 1943, San Jose, Santa Clara, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Married 1886  Kaysville, Davis, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F28725  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1 Nov 1808 - Milnthorpe, Cumbria, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 4 Dec 1808 - Milnthorpe, Cumbria, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 25 Jul 1833 - Toronto, York, Ontario, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 12 Dec 1843 - Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 25 Feb 1844 - Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsInitiatory (LDS) - 10 Dec 1845 - NAUVO Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 14 Jan 1846 - Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 23 Apr 1847 - Winter Quarters, Douglas, Nebraska, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 4 Dec 1847 - Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 9 Dec 1852 - Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 27 Sep 1856 - Westport, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1886 - Kaysville, Davis, Utah, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 25 Jul 1887 - Kaysville, Davis, Utah, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 29 Jul 1887 - Salt Lake City Cemetery, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    LDS Prophet John Taylor - 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
    LDS Prophet John Taylor - 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Notes 
    • 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

      John Taylor (November 1, 1808 – July 25, 1887) was the third president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1880 to 1887. He is the only president of the LDS Church to have been born outside of the United States.

      Taylor was born in Milnthorpe, Westmorland (now part of Cumbria), England, the son of James and Agnes Taylor. He had formal schooling up to age fourteen, and then he served an initial apprenticeship to a cooper and later received training as a woodturner and cabinetmaker. He was christened in the Church of England, but joined the Methodist church at sixteen. He was appointed a lay preacher a year later, and felt a calling to preach in America. Taylor's parents and siblings emigrated to Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) in 1830. Taylor stayed in England to dispose of the family property and joined his family in Toronto in 1832. He met Leonora Cannon from the Isle of Man while attending a Toronto Methodist Church and, although she initially rejected his proposal, married her on January 28, 1833.

      Between 1834 and 1836, John and Leonora Taylor participated in a religious study group in Toronto. The group discussed problems and concerns with their Methodist faith, and quickly became known as the "Dissenters." Other members included Joseph Fielding and his sisters Mary and Mercy, who later also became prominent in the Latter Day Saint movement. While in Toronto Taylor continued to work in his trade as a woodturner.

      Taylor and his wife first came in contact with the Church of the Latter Day Saints in 1836 after meeting Parley P. Pratt, an apostle in the church, in Toronto. Leonora was the first to join the church and she persuaded Taylor to continue his studies with Pratt. After the couple's baptism into the church, they were active in preaching and the organization of the church in Upper Canada. They then moved to Far West, Missouri, where Taylor was ordained an apostle on December 19, 1838. He assisted other church members as they fled frequent conflicts to Commerce, Illinois (soon after renamed Nauvoo).

      In 1839, Taylor and some of his fellow apostles served missions in Britain. While there, Taylor preached in Liverpool and was responsible for Mormon preaching in Ireland and the Isle of Man.

      Taylor returned to Nauvoo, Illinois to serve as a city councilman, a chaplain, a colonel, a newspaper editor, and a judge advocate for the Nauvoo Legion. Taylor edited two newspapers in Nauvoo, Times and Seasons and the Nauvoo Neighbor. Times and Seasons was the official organ of the Latter Day Saint church; he was officially the assistant editor under Joseph Smith, but due to Smith also being president of the church, Taylor made most of the editorial decisions. Taylor also edited the more politically concerned Nauvoo Neighbor and the Wasp, the predecessor of the Nauvoo Neighbor, for about a year. Taylor was thus the editor of Nauvoo's two main papers from 1842 to 1846.

      In 1844, Taylor was with church founder Joseph Smith, his brother Hyrum Smith, and fellow apostle Willard Richards in the Carthage, Illinois jail when the Smiths were killed by a mob. Taylor was severely wounded in the conflict. His life may have been spared when a musket ball directed towards his chest was stopped by a pocket watch which he was carrying at the time. However, recent analysis shows the watch may instead have been damaged when Taylor fell against the windowsill.

      In 1845 Taylor became the president of the Nauvoo Tradesmen Association. This group worked to encourage local manufacturing of goods for both local use and export. Taylor had two assistants who aided him in running this group, Orson Spencer and Phineas Richards.

      Following Brigham Young's death in 1877, the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles governed the church, with John Taylor as the quorum's president. Taylor became the third president of the church in 1880. He chose as his counselors Joseph F. Smith and George Q. Cannon, the latter being the nephew of his wife Leonora.

      As church president, Taylor oversaw the expansion of the Salt Lake community; the further organization of the church hierarchy; the establishment of Mormon colonies in Wyoming, Colorado, and Arizona as well as in Canada's Northwest Territories (in present-day Alberta) and the Mexican state of Chihuahua; and the defense of plural marriage against increasing government opposition.

      Taylor also established Zion's Central Board of Trade while president of the church, which was meant to coordinate local trade and production largely done through the local stakes on a wider basis.

      In 1878, the Primary Association was founded by Aurelia Spencer Rogers in Farmington, Utah Territory, and, for a time, the organization was placed under the general direction of Relief Society general president Eliza R. Snow. In 1880, Taylor organized the churchwide adoption of the Primary Association; he selected Louie B. Felt as its first general president. In October 1880, the Pearl of Great Price was canonized by the church. Taylor also oversaw the issuance of a new edition of the Doctrine and Covenants. During his term as president, the seventies quorums were also more fully and regularly organized.

      In 1882, the United States Congress enacted the Edmunds Act, which declared polygamy to be a felony. Hundreds of Mormon men and women were arrested and imprisoned for continuing to practice plural marriage. Taylor had followed Joseph Smith's teachings on polygamy, and had at least seven wives. He is known to have fathered 34 children.

      Taylor moved into the Gardo House alone with his sister Agnes to avoid prosecution and to avoid showing preference to any one of his families. However, by 1885, he and his counselors were forced to withdraw from public view to live in the "underground"; they were frequently on the move to avoid arrest. In 1885, during his last public sermon, Taylor remarked, "I would like to obey and place myself in subjection to every law of man. What then? Am I to disobey the law of God? Has any man a right to control my conscience, or your conscience? ... No man has a right to do it".

      Many viewed Mormon polygamy as religiously, socially, and politically threatening. In 1887, the U.S. Congress passed the Edmunds–Tucker Act, which abolished women's suffrage in Utah Territory, forced wives to testify against their husbands, disincorporated the LDS Church, dismantled the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company, abolished the Nauvoo Legion, and provided that LDS Church property in excess of $50,000 would be forfeited to the United States.

      For two-and-a-half years, Taylor presided over the church from exile. During this time, he is said to have received the 1886 Revelation. Photographs of the original document exist, which restated the permanence of the "New and Everlasting Covenant", which some consider to be referring directly to the practice of plural marriage; the validity of this revelation is rejected by the LDS Church but it is used by Mormon fundamentalists to justify the continued practice of polygamy.